Information before, during & after Lasik Surgery
Lasik Laser surgery, performed to correct disorders of vision, is a safe, effective and one of the best treatment options available to deal with cases myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism. Your surgeon will either recommend a regular Lasik procedure or a Customized Lasik treatment depending on your case profile. Whatever method you proceed with, it is important to acquaint yourself with few important points, both before and after surgery, so that you gain maximum benefit from the procedure whilst eliminating the risk of complications and side effects.
Before Lasik surgery
Before your first consultation with a Lasik surgeon in mumbai, it is highly recommended that you refrain from wearing contact lenses and instead use glasses. This is because contact lenses can affect the shape of the cornea and this might lead to erroneous measurements.
On your first visit, your doctor will examine your eye thoroughly to rule out any contraindicated condition (cataract, glaucoma, infection etc.). If you suffer from any other medical condition like diabetes, high blood pressure or had a previous refractive surgery of eye, it is of utmost importance that you tell your Lasik surgeon the same and also list the medicines you are currently taking.
During the examination, your Lasik surgeon will determine the feasibility of your case for Lasik and will recommend specific Lasik treatment options.
During Lasik surgery
Lasik surgery for both eyes is completed under 20minutes, depending upon the surgeon and the kind of Lasik Laser machine used in mumbai. After your eyes are cleaned thoroughly, your doctor will instill anesthetic eye drops in your eyes, which shows effect within few minutes. After confirming that your eyes are now anesthetized, a lid speculum is placed under both eyelids to help keep them open.
The next step is creation of a ‘corneal flap’, either by using a Microkeratome or femtosecond laser, which helps gain access to the underlying corneal matrix where the actual correction takes place. After the flap is created, an excimer laser is placed over the eyes, which starts nipping away an exact, predetermined amount of corneal tissue so as to bring about the visual correction. The rest of the area around the eyes is shielded for protection.
After Lasik surgery
Post-surgical care is extremely important to ensure that your eyes heal properly and the risk of complications is reduced. Immediately after the surgery, you might experience excessive watering of the eyes or slight irritation. However, this postoperative discomfort is short lived and is easily treated with a mild painkiller. Your doctor will give you few antibiotics eye-drops and ‘tear drops’ to help keep the eyes lubricated. This takes care of temporary complaints of haziness that one might experience during the first few months of post surgery.
Although you will be able to resume all your normal activities the next day itself, do not overdo or put unnecessary strain on your eyes. You must take care and avoid rubbing your eyes as much as possible. Rubbing the eyes can inadvertently dislocate the corneal flaps, and to correct this, you will have to undergo a ‘’repositioning’’ procedure to put it back in place. Wearing protective eyewear helps in not only shielding the eyes form dust and infection and bright sunshine that cause scarring, but also from accidently rubbing your eyes.
Avoid exercise for at least a week and all kinds of contact sports for 2 months. It is also advised to strongly refrain from swimming or using hot tubs, sauna, and whirlpools for at-least 1-month post surgery. When washing face, use water from the filter and not the regular tap water.
Do not use cosmetics for 2 – 3 weeks post surgery. The chemicals in the makeup can irritate your still sensitive eyes and induce excessive watering of eyes. Also discard makeup that is used partially so as to reduce the chances of bacterial contamination.
While taking a shower, take precautions to prevent soapy water from entering your eyes. Similarly practice caution when using hair spray, shaving lotions and other scented products.
Your vision will improve dramatically within the next few hours after the surgery, however for the corneas to heal completely and the flap to get permanently fixed, you will have to wait for 6 -10 months.
If you experience reddening of the eyes, excessive watering, hazy/blurred vision, pain, sudden decrease in vision or if you injure your eyes, contact your surgeon immediately. These complications can be managed efficiently provided they are treated soon enough.
FDA guideline, Information before, during & after Lasik Surgery